The following extract is taken from stave five of A Christmas Carol. Scrooge’s has woken up on Christmas morning and realised he has been gifted a chance to change his ways.
“I am as light as a feather, I am as happy as an angel, I am as merry as a schoolboy. I am as giddy as a drunken man. A merry Christmas to everybody! A happy New Year to all the world. Hallo here! Whoop! Hallo!” He had frisked into the sitting-room, and was now standing there: perfectly winded. “There’s the saucepan that the gruel was in!” cried Scrooge, starting off again, and going round the fireplace. “There’s the door, by which the Ghost of Jacob Marley entered! There’s the corner where the Ghost of Christmas Present, sat! There’s the window where I saw the wandering Spirits! It’s all right, it’s all true, it all happened. Ha haha!”
Starting with the extract, explore how and why Scrooge changes in A Christmas Carol.
- How Scrooge can be seen as changed in the extract
- How and why Scrooge changes in the novel as a whole
Intro– Briefly explain how Scrooge is characterised at the start compared to the novel’s ending. State which key events happen that help him to redeem himself at the end.
Point 1– Scrooge’s description at the beginning. How he’s seen as bitter and nasty to others. Someone who is lonely and grumpy.
Point 2-Ghost of Christmas past shows him his childhood which shows him to be a nice boy/young man. His break up with Belle and loss of his sister are possibly the reasons he is the way he is.
Point 3-Ghost of Christmas present shows him the Cratchit family and he asks if Tiny Tim will live. Starting to feel sympathy for others and wants to help. Stave three = middle of the novel and therefore the turning point.
Point 4-Scrooge’s transformation at the end of the novel. Dickens use of similes in stave five compared to stave one. Negative vs. positive.
Conclusion-Dickens’ moral message to the Victorian reader about the importance of kindness and generosity for those in need.